(France 13 May 1882 – 31 Aug 1963)
Landscape with houses
- Other titles:
- House and trees
- Modern gallery
- Further information
This landscape by the co-founder of cubism was painted in a region of France frequented by Cezanne: coastal L'Estaque. Not unnaturally, Braque's faceted brush-work resembles Cezanne's, while at the same time hinting at the fragmented system of application he was destined to perfect with Picasso. Though it had its genesis in landscape - Braque at La Roche-Guyon, Picasso at La Horta - the cubist method found its purest expression in still life. This painting has elements of that genre, from the object-like character of the houses and tree, to their flattening thrust into the plane of the picture. Braque's shifting of forms in space, indeed his shifting of space itself, announce the fourth dimension of cubism. The landscape is understood almost exclusively in spatial terms, though not without a dramatic connotation specific to the early days of the movement. 'Landscape with houses' has a rawness that would convert to refinement within the year. The palette of browns, greens and unemphatic blues is already, at this date, quintessentially cubist.
AGNSW Handbook, 1999.
- Place of origin
- Winter 1908-1909
- oil on canvas
- 65.5 x 54.0 cm stretcher; 88.3 x 76.3 x 4.5 cm frame
- Signature & date
- Signed l.l. verso canvas, black oil "G Braque". Not dated.
- Purchased 1980
- Accession number
- © Georges Braque/ADAGP. Licensed by Viscopy, Sydney
- Galerie Beyeler (Switzerland), 1977-25 Jan 1980, Basel/Switzerland, Purchased by the AGNSW from Galerie Beyeler 1980. Galerie Beyeler stock no. 8814.
Thomas Gibson Fine Art (England), pre 1977, London/England, Purchased by Galerie Beyeler from Thomas Gibson Fine Art 1977. Letters sent to Thomas Gibson Fine Art, 11 March and 14 October 2003 asking for information on when and from whom they acquired the painting. No response.
George W. and Emily Staempfli (United States of America), circa 1960-circa 1968, New York/New York/United States of America, by 1960, listed in 'Cubism and Twentieth Century Art' by Robert Rosenblum 1960 as collection of Mr and Mrs George W Staempfli. Lent in 1968 to the exhibition 'Summer loan exhibition including the McIlhenny and Staempfli Collections' at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Fine Arts Associates (United States of America), New York/New York/United States of America, dates unknown, sold to Mrs George Staempfli. Fine Arts Associates business records, now in the collection of the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., contain an undated sales record 'Paintings by Georges Braque sold by Fine Arts Associates, New York' page 3, listing the painting as sold to Mrs George Staempfli. Reel 4051 Otto and Ilse Gerson Papers, 6. Business records, a. Miscellaneous purchase and sales records.
Perls Galleries, New York (United States of America, estab. 1937, closed 1996), New York/New York/United States of America, stock number 5031. Perls Galleries records are now in collection of the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Edwin Suermondt (Germany, b.1883, d.1923), Aachen/Germany