An image of The Plain of Musashi

Unknown Artist

The Plain of Musashi

Location
Not on display
Further information

Screens depicting Musashino are one of the great classical subjects of Japanese art. In Japanese painting there is a specific category (called 'meisho-e', literally 'famous places') for the most revered places, which are usually those immortalised by famous poems and/or literary tales. Such a place is Musashino: every Japanese responds to the poetic associations of Musashino which appears in Chapter 12 of the famous Ise Monogatari (Tale of Ise), a 10th century collection of lyrical episodes. In Chapter 12, a man kidnapped a young woman and concealed her among the grass of Musashino when they were pursued by the provincial governor. As the governor was about to light the grass to flush out the lovers, the young woman wrote a poignant 'waka' (particular Japanese poetic form): 'Please do not burn the fresh grass of Musashino. Both he and I are hidden within'.

Another layer of poetic association was added with the poem by Minamoto Michikata (1189-1238):
'On the Musashi plain
There is no mountain
Behind which the moon disappears.
It rises and sinks among the grass.'

It is the latter poem that inspired the typical format of Musashino screens: on the left a full autumn moon rises through autumn susuki grass, wild chrysanthemums, bush clover, pinks, and Chinese bell flowers. The right screen depicts Mt Fuji, another 'meisho-e' layered in religious (Shinto), poetic and literary allusions, above an equally lyrical depiction of autumn grasses. This screen is a visual panegyric to the beauty of Mount Fuji as seen in autumn from the vast plain of Musashi which once existed to the south-west of Tokyo.'

Place of origin
Japan
Period
Japan: Edo (Tokugawa) period 1615–1868
Year
late 17th century-18th century
Media
Painting
Medium
pair of six-panel screens (byobu); ink, colour and gold on paper
Dimensions
a - right screen - moon; 156 x 360 cm
b - left screen - mountain; 156 x 360 cm
Signature & date

Not signed. Not dated.

Credit
Art Gallery of New South Wales Foundation Purchase 2000
Accession number
143.2000.a-b