An image of Land auction, main road Ballarat - interval of ten minutes for harmony and refreshment

S T Gill

(England, Australia 21 May 1818 – 27 Oct 1880)

Land auction, main road Ballarat - interval of ten minutes for harmony and refreshment

Other titles:
Land auction, Main Road, Ballarat
Not on display
Further information

The son of a Baptist minister and schoolmaster, Samuel Thomas Gill was educated at his father's school in Devonshire, England, where his ability to draw was first noticed. He came to Australia with his parents in 1839 and soon after set himself up in a studio in Adelaide, advertising:

'He solicits the attendance of such individuals as are desirous of obtaining correct likenesses of themselves, families, or friends ... Correct resemblances of horses, dogs &c. with local scenery, &c. executed to order. Residences sketched and transfered to paper ...' ('South Australian Register' March 1840, see 'S T Gill, the South Australian years 1839-1852', Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, 1986, pg. 1).

Gill is best known for his drawings, watercolours and lithographs of early colonial life and landscapes in South Australia, Victoria and NSW. He took an interest in the exploits of explorers Edward John Eyre and Charles Sturt and accompanied John Horrocks on his ill-fated expedition north of the Flinders Ranges in 1846. His images of life on the Victorian goldfields are among his most memorable, resulting in several lithographic series between 1852 and 1855. There are also two series of Sydney lithographs, dated 1856. A keen sense of humour is a feature of his work and a capacity for revealing the essentials of a subject.

excerpt from Hendrik Kolenberg, Anne Ryan and Patricia James, '19th century Australian watercolours, drawings & pastels in the Gallery's collection', Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2005

Place of origin
Ballarat, Victoria, Australia
pencil, grey wash on buff paper
26.8 x 37.8 cm sheet
Signature & date

Signed l.l. corner, pencil "S.T.G". Dated l.r. corner, pencil "... 1854/ ...".

Purchased 1985
Accession number