An image of Grand Arch, looking east

John Paine

(England, Australia 1834 – 1915)

Grand Arch, looking east

Not on display
Further information

John Paine’s photograph of the Grand Arch at Jenolan Caves in New South Wales represents a conjuncture of two important representational modes, both of which helped shape 19th-century art: the picturesque and the sublime. The caves, first discovered in 1838, saw a massive increase in tourism as the result of rail improvements. Picturesque postcard views, sold as tourist mementos, were produced to service this market. Paine’s photograph, however, is clearly more than this. The vast cave and the small figure bathed in light on the rocky outcrop evoke the tradition of the sublime, the central motifs of which were the colossal and the powerful, often represented by mountains or storms. The subject of the artwork – and indeed the viewer – was not to be instructed or pleased, but overcome and transformed. While key elements of this aesthetic are present here, Paine’s ‘Grand Arch, looking east’ still illustrates a landscape tamed and one in which social order is subtly replicated: gentlemen at the top, tradesmen in the middle and women-folk at the bottom.

© Art Gallery of New South Wales Photography Collection Handbook, 2007

albumen photograph
14.8 x 20.1 cm image/sheet
Signature & date

Signed l.l. image, [inscribed on glass plate negative] "J.P.". Not dated.

Purchased 1989
Accession number