(Spain, France 25 Oct 1881 – 08 Apr 1973)
Head of a woman in profile, with beret
- Not on display
- Further information
'Head of a woman in profile, with beret' is from the portfolio 'Solidarité', which comprises of a poem by Paul Éluard 'November 1936' and seven prints by various artists, printed by Atelier 17 in Paris, and published by Guy Lévis Manon, 15 April 1938, edition 144/150 (165 impressions were printed and numbered 1/150 to 150/150 and H.C.I/XV to H.C. XV/XV).
Paul Éluard’s poem was first published in French Communist Party newspaper L’Humanité on 17 December 1936. A denunciation of the Spanish Civil War, the poem is said to have inpsired Picasso’s set of prints Dream and lie of Franco created a few months later (acc no 339.2017.1-2). A close friend of Picasso, Éluard had introduced Dora Maar, a talented photographer associated with the Surrealists, to the Spanish painter in 1935. It is believed that the portrait in 'Head of a woman in profile, with beret' is Dora Maar, who was identifed as the source for the famous ‘weeping woman’ and other expressive heads in Picasso work between 1937 and 1938.
In 1937, Éluard entrusted his poem to the English printmaker Stanley William Hayter, who had established the famous print workshop Atelier 17, at 17 Rue Campagne Première in 1933. Hayter’s support for creative and experimental collaboration in printmaking attracted a wide range of international artists. In the late 1930s, Atelier 17 harboured Spanish refugee artists and maintained considerable contact with the International Brigades. Vehemently anti-fascist, Hayter initiated the communal print project 'Solidarité', inviting 6 artists to contribute a print each, along with Éluard’s poem. The project aims to help the Republican cause and raise support for children orphaned in the Spanish Civil War. Deeply disturbed by the rise of dictatorship in Europe and the tragedy of the situation in Spain, all six artists were supporters of the Republican cause: two English artists John Buckland-Wright and Dalla Husband, two Spaniards Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró, and two French Surrealists Yves Tanguy and André Masson – Hayter provided the seventh print. In 'Head of a woman in profile, with beret', Picasso focused on a female head but as usual in his work, the woman is the vehicle for the expression of intense emotion, but the feelings expressed are those of humanity at large.
- 10.4 x 7.4 cm platemark; 18.0 x 14.1 cm sheet
- Signature & date
Signed l.r, pencil "Picasso". Not dated.
- Gift of Jocelyn Plate in honour of Carl Plate 2018. Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program
- Accession number
- © Pablo Picasso/ Succession Pablo Picasso. Licensed by Copyright Agency