An image of Sword with scabbard (moso or rugi)

Unknown Artist

Sword with scabbard (moso or rugi)

Not on display
Further information

Situated in the easternmost Lesser Sunda Islands, the Alor archipelago is neighboured by the islands of Lembata to the west, and Timor to the south. This sword is of a style found on a number of islands in the region, including Timor, Roti and Savu. While the physical characteristics of such weapons are distinctive, little is known about the meaning of the imagery depicted. Carved from buffalo horn and wood, the finely decorated hilt and scabbard of the Alor sword appear to depict the head and tail of a composite creature incorporating birdlike and serpentine features. In addition to conveying notions of virility and strength, the combination of upper and lower world creatures most likely provided supernatural protection against the dangers of hunting and warfare. The strong profile of the hilt is embellished with delicate scrollwork and would have once been encompassed with a full mane of hair tufts, most likely from a sacrificial creature.

Place of origin
Alor, East Nusa Tenggara, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia
late 19th century
Arms & armour
buffalo horn, horsehair, iron, wood and rattan, with traces of lime
84.5 x 8.5 x 3.5 cm :
a - sword, 69.5 x 24.5 x 3.3 cm
b - scabbard, 69 x 11 x 3.5 cm
Christopher Worrall Wilson Bequest 2010
Accession number
Christopher Wilson, 1985-1996, Sydney/New South Wales/Australia, purchased on Alor, Indonesia.
Mariann Ford, 1996-Dec 2010, Sydney/New South Wales/Australia, inherited from the estate of Christopher Wilson. Gift to the Art Gallery of New South Wales as part of the Christopher Worrall Wilson Bequest 2010.