An image of Grade monument

Ni-Vanuatu people

(Republic of Vanuatu  – )

Grade monument

Other titles:
Carved figure (Grade-symbol of a male half figure), Grade society figure (Male half figure)
Location
Not on display
Further information

In Vanuatu, a grade-taking system enables individuals – usually men – to rise in status and power within their community. Following nomination to enter a new grade, ritual events must be paid for and sufficient 'tusker' pigs made available for public sacrifice. Ceremonies require the wearing of grade-specific ritual paraphernalia and are accompanied by dances, initiations and feasts. Additionally, the initiand must commission a sculpture specific to their grade level. These sculptures are displayed on public platforms during ceremonies to honour the ancestors, and later left to perish and return to the bush.

Carved from tree fern, the name and grade for which this figure was made has been lost and any remnants of over-modelling or painted designs covering the surface are no longer extant.

[entry from Exhibition Guide for 'Melanesian art: redux', 2018, cat no 4]

Place of origin
Ambrym Island, Malampa Province, Republic of Vanuatu
Cultural origin
Ni-Vanuatu people
Year
early 20th century-mid 20th century
Media
Sculpture
Medium
carved tree fern (Cycas)
Dimensions
79.0 x 25.0 x 31.5 cm
Credit
Purchased 1964
Accession number
IA4.1964
Copyright
© Ni-Vanuatu people, under the endorsement of the Pacific Islands Museums Association's (PIMA) Code of Ethics