An image of Ceremonial painting - Hangsi (The Administration)

Yao people

(China  – )

Ceremonial painting - Hangsi (The Administration)

Other titles:
Heng Fei
Location
Not on display
Further information

Hangsi means the 'Full Altar' or the 'Administration' and is a depiction of the whole Daoist pantheon. Strongly influenced by Chinese tradition, this painting shows a group of Daoist gods and celestial worthies whom the Yao view as a 'Cosmic Fraternity' that was considered to have control of the whole universe. Some Buddhist influence is evident with the inclusion of Guanyin.

The Daoist pantheon depicted includes:
Top row: The 3 Pure ones in the middle l to r: Daode, Yuanshi, Lingbao, flanked by the Jade Emperor (r) and the Master of Saints(l)
Second Row: believed to be attendants of the Jade Emperor and the Master of Saints
Third row: in the middle the Buddhist Bodhisattva Guanyin
Fourth Row: the middle 3 headed deity with many arms is thought to be the Buddhist Goddess of Light Marichi, whom the Yao have appropriated as Tai Sui, God of the Year.
Fifth row: the 6 Marshals; the 3 matrons of Daoist religion in a circle.
Sixth row: Haifan (The Sea Banner) and his horsemen
Seventh row: Taiwei (The High Constable) with horsemen
Eighth row: At middle a ritual furnace to burn paper money for the ‘Celestial Treasuries’; offerings (smoke) reaching the top
Ninth row: Five orderlies mounted from l to r, on a buffalo, white elephant, lion, unicorn and tiger; left is the God of Soil

Reference: Jacques Lemoine, 'Yao Ceremonial Paintings', 1982.

Asian Art Department, AGNSW, 2007.

Place of origin
Yunnan Province, China
Cultural origin
Mian
Year
circa 1850s
Media
Painting
Medium
pigment on paper
Dimensions
118.5 x 49.3 cm
Credit
Gift of Dr John Yu and Dr George Soutter 2006
Accession number
269.2006