An image of Dish with design of five red bats

Jingdezhen ware

(China  – )

Dish with design of five red bats

Other titles:
Dish with design of five red bats flying around a fruiting peach tree
Location
Not on display
Further information

The little dish is from the second quarter of the 18th century, also made at Jingdezhen. Part of an Imperial service, it was made during the Yongzheng period (1722-35), the six character mark of which is written beneath the base in precise calligraphy typical of the period.

It is of a quality which is looked for in Imperial pieces of a period when technical perfection was achieved.

The style of decoration is known as 'doucai' (contrasting colours). The design is outlined in pale underglaze blue and filled in with washes of transparent enamel colours. It was a style for which the 15th century Chenghua period was famous and it was revived briefly late in the Kangxi period and into the Yongzheng.

Decoration on Chinese porcelain made for native consumption is never meaningless and this dish is of particular interest on account of the complex symbolism of the decorative motif.

The seascape represents the Daoist 'Isles of the Blessed' washed by the waters of the 'Eastern Seas'. The peaches are symbolic of longevity and this is reinforced by the 'shou' (longevity) character superimposed on four of the peaches on the reverse side. Bats symbolise happiness and five bats the "Five Blessings" (wu fu) - longevity, riches, serenity, the cultivation of virtue and the completion of a life's work. Moreover, in Chinese 'red' is a homophone for 'vast' (hong) and thus there is added significance in five red bats.

It is a delightful example of the use of enamel colours in combination with underglaze blue and also of the symbolism of decorative motifs on Chinese porcelain.

J.H. Myrtle, 'Chinese Ceramics', AGNSW Quarterly, July 1965. pp.246-247.

Place of origin
Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province, China
Period
China: Qing dynasty 1644–1911, Yongzheng 1723–1735
Year
1723-1735
Media
Ceramic
Medium
porcelain with underglaze blue and overglaze enamels in the 'doucai' style
Dimensions
3.2 x 15.5 cm
Credit
Purchased 1965
Accession number
EC1.1965